Grooming a chihuahua dog

Grooming a chihuahua dog

Chihuahuas being the smallest dog breed are very low-maintenance dogs. Short-haired chihuahuas are quite easy to groom. Long-haired chihuahuas require a little effort. But that’s still far less compared to other dog breeds. Grooming a chihuahua dog is fairly easy. Here in the article, you will know about Grooming a chihuahua dog and the exit process step by step.

Grooming a chihuahua dog

Coat care 

Chihuahuas may be low-maintenance dogs. But they still need a regular brushing routine. It makes their coats soft and glossy and removes any tangles or loose fur. Brushing is more effective than bathing. when it comes to taking care of the underneath skin and coat. Chihuahuas have 2 coat types: short-haired and long-haired. They could have a single or double-layered coat. 

Short haired chihuahua

Short-haired chihuahuas are one of the easiest dogs to groom. They have short smooth fur that needs to be brushed at least once a week. Long-haired chihuahuas require a little more effort than short-haired ones. But that’s still very less compared to other canines. They have long soft and wavy hairs. Which could easily develop tangles and mats. It is recommended to brush their coat 3 times a week. Grooming a chihuahua dog with a short haired need less effort than a longer-haired chihuahua.

How to brush 

Chihuahuas require a thorough full body. Brushing gives them a hand massage before brushing and looks for any matted hairs. Start brushing from head to tail then down to his legs. Follow the grain of hairs and also give one gentle brushing. Against the grain to expose any loose hairs. If there are any tangles in the hair. Remove them carefully and pay close attention to the areas like feet, tail, and ears. While brushing, check their coat for any kind of skin infection, fleas, or ticks. 

Brushing material 

Use a high-quality grooming comb for removing excess loose hair. Using a slicker brush is the best way for removing knots and tangled hairs. Use a gentle slicker brush. Since they have sensitive skin. A soft bristle brush is an ideal choice for their smooth silky hairs. It straightens their hair and helps spread natural oils throughout their skin. If there are any furballs that are matted. You can use grooming scissors for that. In short, you could use a comb to remove loose hairs. Then a slicker brush to remove mats and tangled hairs. And finally, a bristle brush to straighten their hair. 

Chihuahua shedding 

Chihuahuas shed like other dog breeds. They are considered moderate shedders. They shed throughout the year but more heavily in the spring and fall. Both long and short-haired chihuahuas shed almost equally. But since long-haired chihuahuas have longer hair. It appears they shed more when puppies reach adulthood. They shed their coats; female chihuahuas also lose their coats. After giving birth, shedding is actually beneficial for your chihuahua. Brushing and bathing on a regular basis will help you in dealing with shedding.

Shaving or trimming 

Shaving your chihuahua would be a bad idea as it will expose his sensitive skin to the sun’s rays. Trimming however is optional if hairs are really matted. You can trim them if certain parts of their bodies also require trimming. Such as paws, tails, and private areas. You can do it by yourself or take the help of a professional groomer. 

Benefits of brushing 

Brushing removes tangles and matted hairs. It also helps to get rid of loose hairs and dead skin cells. Resulting in a shinier and healthier coat. Brushing gives you a chance to spot your dog for any kind of lumps infections. Or external parasites. Such as fleas or ticks. 

When it comes to grooming a Chihuahua dog, regular brushing is essential to keep their coat looking healthy and shiny. Chihuahuas have short hair, which means they don’t require as much grooming as some other breeds, but it’s still important to keep their coat free of tangles and mats. One of the best things about grooming a Chihuahua dog is that it’s a great opportunity to bond with your furry friend. By spending time grooming your Chihuahua, you can show them how much you care while also keeping them looking and feeling their best.

Diet role 

Protein and fats are essential for maintaining a healthy coat. Protein accounts for roughly 75% of a dog’s hair. If your dog is protein deficient his coat is going to be affected. Different fats like omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids play an important role in the growth of hairs. Giving them a high-quality diet can improve the health and appearance of their coat. 


Grooming a chihuahua dog

Chihuahuas have small sizes which makes it easy to bathe them. Most chihuahuas like any other dog breed don’t really enjoy the bathing process. Regular baths are very necessary for their skin and coat. It keeps their coat smooth and shiny. While removing dirt and parasites reduces hair shedding and helps with allergies. 

Brushing before bathing 

It is recommended to brush their coat before bath, especially for a long-haired chihuahua. They may have some loose hairs which need to be brushed out. It is also necessary for removing tangles in the hair. 

Arranging for bath 

The best place to bathe these small dogs is in the kitchen sink. The small spaces in the sink allow you to handle the dog properly. While also maintaining water capacity, clean the sink properly and fill it with a few inches of water.  Make sure the water in the sink is not too deep for your dog. To prevent them from slipping. Place a towel or non-slippery mat on the sink surface don’t leave them unattended in the sink. Keep all of the necessary items nearby. Such as shampoo, conditioner, towels, a brushing cloth, etc. Use lukewarm water since the temperature of the water is crucial.

Bathing process 

Place your dog in the sink and slowly pour water over its coat. Use a dog-specific shampoo and scrub it gently on their coat. Avoid the face use your hand or washcloth for rubbing the shampoo. Massage lather all over their body in a circular motion. The face needs to be cleaned with extreme care. Wash his face with a damp cloth and dry it. After that pouring water on their head or faces will frighten them. And they may try to jump out of the sink. Do not apply shampoo to their nose, ears, or eyes. Cover their ears during the bath.


 Complete rinsing and drying are crucial. If the soap is not thoroughly rinsed anyway it could cause irritation. Dry their coat with a clean soft towel. You can use a hair dryer if that’s not noisy and your chihuahua is comfortable with it. Set it on the lowest heat and keep it a little farther from his skin. Chihuahuas become cold and shiver after getting wet. Keep them at a good temperature for a few hours after the bath. You can take them outside in the warm sunlight. If the weather conditions are not harsh. Don’t take them outside if it’s cold. Brush their coat after the bath to straighten out their hair.


Never use human shampoo on your dog these products are designed for human skin. And are too harsh for dogs. Human products may cause irritation and rashes on their body. Chihuahuas have soft sensitive skin. And they’re comfortable with a sensitive PH-balanced shampoo. The best shampoo for dogs is one that is high in protein and minerals. They don’t wash out essential oils from the fur. Do not buy shampoo that contains harsh chemicals, artificial additives, colors, etc.

How much to bath

The frequency of their baths depends on a few factors. Like their living conditions, and outdoor activities level. Chihuahua-type brushing routine, coat appearance, etc. The chihuahua club of America recommends bathing your chihuahua at least once a month. Both long and short-haired chihuahuas need to be bathed at least once a month. If you brush their coat on a regular basis and it appears clean fine and tangle-free. You can postpone bathing for some time. Getting too many baths can make their skin dry. No matter how many good quality products you use. However, if your chihuahua spends a lot of time outdoors and has a dirty or muddy coat. You can bathe them frequently long-haired chihuahuas typically require more baths than short-haired ones. Chihuahuas need fewer baths in the winter.

Eyes care 

Chihuahuas have big round and bulging eyes. Because of their small size, they are in close proximity to the ground. You are making them more vulnerable to eye issues. Every day, their eyes need to be cleaned. Wipe out any discharge from their eyes with a cotton ball and an eye-cleaning solution. If your chihuahua has very red eyes or swollen eyelids take them to a vet. The squinting of the eyes indicates that there might be something stuck in the eyes.

Watery eyes 

Chihuahuas have watery eyes. Because of the specific structure of their eyes commonly called epiphora. It is a condition that causes an overflow of tears. This can be caused by genetics or external factors. Such as facial injury, debris in the eyes, or infections.

Tear stains

As a result of watery eyes tear stains will emerge. It’s the discoloration of the fur around the eyes. Tear stains are caused because of excessive tears from the eyes. Which run down their fur and cause stains. If not dried on time it hardens and crusts the fur making it susceptible to yeast infection. Severe staining could be caused because of blocked tear ducts. Small dog breeds are more prone to tear stains. Because of the structure of their eye sockets.

Tear stains are caused because of a number of reasons:

Causes of tear staining 

  • Puppy teething 
  • The shape of the eyes 
  • Blocked tear ducts 
  • Ear infection
  • Allergies (seasonal or food allergies)

Prevent tear stains 

Chihuahuas may be allergic to certain food ingredients. Causing tear stains sometimes changing their food type stops your stains. Unclean water could be another reason for tear stains. Tap water may have a high level of fluoride and chlorine. Which causes allergic reactions in dogs. Make sure your chihuahua doesn’t drink stagnant water from a lake, pool, etc. Maintain a facial care routine, especially for long-haired chihuahuas. Clean their face after meals. Since food and drink can get trapped in their fur. Which could lead to tearing stains.

Ear care 


Fortunately, most chihuahuas have erect ears. it lowers their risk of developing ear infections. Chihuahuas with floppy ears are 2 times more likely to get ear infections. Because their folded ears can easily trap dirt and other objects.

Ear infection 

Ear infections are typically caused by yeast or bacteria which grow inside the ears. The infection occurs due to the trapping of wax, hair, or moisture inside the ear canal. This creates the ideal environment for bacterial development. Which eventually leads to infection. 

There are certain signs of ear infections:

  • Frequent ear scratching 
  •  Aggressive head shaking 
  • Discharge from the ears
  • Bad odor coming from the ears
  • Redness or puffiness in the ear

In such cases take them to the vet for further treatment. Most cases of ear infections are easily treated unless there is a ruptured eardrum. Chihuahua puppies are more prone to ear infections due to their floppy ears. Which can easily trap, dirt, debris, etc. Examine their ears weekly.

Some instructions

There might be some dirt, debris, or wax in their ear canals. Which could lead to blockage or infections. Once every month, or as necessary, their ears should be cleaned. Over-cleaning and deep cleaning should be avoided. When you notice a bad odor or irritation in their ears. That’s the time for cleaning. Clean their ears with a cotton ball and a vet-recommended ear-cleaning solution. Cover their ears during bath and make sure no water goes inside the ear canals. Ears cleaning are a very sensitive and important step when it comes to Grooming a chihuahua dog.

Chihuahuas have hair around their ears. Which need to be plucked or trimmed. They also have hairs inside their ear canals. Which require trimming don’t pluck the inside hairs. Since that might cause wounds. The ear canals of dogs are not like those of humans and inserting q-tips into them will cause damage. Chihuahuas have long narrow and horizontally angled ear canals. Inserting q-tips will push the debris, or wax deeper inside potentially damaging the eardrum

Nails care 

Chihuahuas have small paws and very tiny nails that require regular grooming. Paws and nails are the sensitive body parts of chihuahuas and they don’t like them to be touched. However, if they are used to it from a young age. They don’t mind the process. Chihuahua’s nails grow relatively faster and they don’t normally wear them off. It is because they don’t have a lot of body weight or engage in a lot of exercise activities. Puppy nails grow faster than adults.

How often to trim 

Trim their nails once a month or whenever they have grown long enough. Trim their nails when you can hear the clicking sound of their feet. While walking on the floor if this is your first time trimming a dog’s nails. Proceed with caution if you’re not sure take them to a professional groomer and watch. How they do it does not cut the quick area of their nails.

Quick area of nails 

It is the pink portion of their nails that contain blood vessels and nerves. If your chihuahua has black hair it might not be clearly visible in such cases. Trim their nails bit by bit until you see the quick areas. If you accidentally cut the quick area of their nails and it starts bleeding. Apply some styptic powder. It stops the bleeding.

Dog’s nail clipper 


Use a high-quality dog’s nail clipper or grinder. Avoid using human nail clippers. Dogs have larger, rounder nails, while humans have flat nails. There are many different sizes and styles of dog nail clippers. So choose one that’s appropriate for a toy breed like a chihuahua. 

Some instructions 

Start nail trimming when they’re comfortable. If your chihuahua keeps pulling away you may cut deep into his nails. Keep all the necessary items nearby. Such as nail clippers, treats, and styptic powder. Clean the excessive hairs between their paws. After trimming their nails. Remove any sharp edges by filing them with a nail file. It is preferable if you clean and sterilizes their nail clippers before using them. 

Long nail problems 

Long nails could be bothersome for a chihuahua. It affects their standing position and walking style. It could eventually cause orthopedic and postural problems. Due to irregular walking. Overgrown nails can break easily causing pain. And providing an ideal place for infection growth. Trimming regularly is the best way to keep the quick portion of their nails in their natural position. It grows in proportion to the length of the nails. Overgrown nails may result in an overgrown quick area. Which would be difficult to trim. 

Dental care 

Dental problems are very common in dogs. According to the American veterinary medical association. Around 80% of dogs have some periodontal disease by the age of 3. Toy dogs are more prone to periodontal diseases than other breeds. Chihuahuas have small mouths and soft teeth. You can easily avoid many dental issues by following a dental care routine. These dental diseases affect them more during the first few years of their lives. So you need to be vigilant during the first 2 to 3 years of their lives. 

Plaque buildup 

When they consume, food becomes stuck in their teeth. It offers the ideal conditions for bacterial development. Plaque is produced when bacteria, saliva, and food are combined. Plaque buildup is the root cause of many other periodontal issues. Like tartar, bad breath, gum inflammation, and eventually tooth loss. Many dental problems could be avoided if you could prevent plaque buildup. Which is done through regular brushing.

Look for early signs 

Many times owners are unaware that their dog has some dental issues. Until they become severe in such cases, always look for early signs of dental diseases. Plaque and tartar accumulation can be seen on the gum line and on the teeth. It’s a yellow or brownish-grey discoloration of teeth. Gingivitis and other dental issues are indicated by red, swollen, or bleeding gums. Periodontal disease is often indicated by bad breath. It develops due to excessive plaque and tartar buildup. However bad breath can also be caused by other health issues. Such as digestive or liver problems. 

Brush regularly 

Brush their teeth regularly. Ideally, their teeth should be brushed daily. However if not daily it should be done every other day. Brush their teeth in a circular motion and make sure to brush all sides of their teeth. Front, back, and top. Many periodontal diseases develop in the first few years of their lives. So start brushing their teeth as soon as you bring them home. Make them used to it by rubbing your fingers against their teeth. 

Use canine products 

Use a canine toothbrush and paste. Toothbrushes designed for dogs have soft bristles. That is ideal for their soft teeth. Choose a toothbrush designed for toy breeds. Never use a human toothbrush or paste. A Human toothbrush is tailored for human teeth. While dogs have different positions of their teeth. Human toothpaste contains chemicals like xylitol and fluoride. Which are toxic for dogs. 

Dental chews


Dental chews and treats are often used to remove plaque and tartar buildup. This helps to some extent but it is not fully effective. These dental-specific chews help loosen the plaque and tartar. Choose dental treats made from natural ingredients.

Vet check-up

A regular checkup with a veterinarian is recommended at least once a year. A vet will look for any dental problems. That may have gone unnoticed as well as care for their gums and teeth roots.

After reading the I’m surer you will understand about Grooming a chihuahua dog. And which steps do you need for Grooming a chihuahua dog?